Oil Shale Could Equal up to 100 Years of Oil Production for U.S.

oil shale Oil shale, a natural resource that is plentiful in the United States, could provide relief from high gas prices at the pump. Oil shale is a fine grained sedimentary rock found in major deposits all over the United States of America.

   Oil shale can be burned directly making it a useful energy source. Furthermore, this rock contains kerogen, a chemical that when heated in the absence of oxygen can produce a synthetic crude oil that can be used to produce gasoline.

   There are enough oil shale deposits in the U.S. to, when processed properly, produce enough oil to equal a one hundred year oil supply for the United States. President Bush is calling on Congress to allow the production of oil shale. However, Democrats in Congress are standing in the way of the bill to allow such production.

   Concerned about environmental issues, the Senate Appropriations Committee voted in May 2008 15-14 to kill a bill that would set forth rules regulating oil shale production in the U.S. This will, in turn, extend the moratorium to produce oil shale. Among environmental concerns are waste water management, land use, and air pollution.

Prices at the pump   In an interview conducted by CNN’s Fortune Magazine, Senator Orrin Hatch (R-UT), one of the biggest supporters of oil shale production, stated, “We have as much oil in oil shale in Utah, Wyoming, and Colorado as the rest of the world’s oil combined.” Senator Hatch also brought up the point that environmentalists oppose oil shale, but are happy with importing oil from overseas regardless of the fact that shipping the fuel all the way from the middle east leaves “a big greenhouse gas footprint”.

   One of the most prominent opponents of oil shale production is Senator Ken Salazar (D-CO). Although he states that he does not oppose the production of the natural resource in principle, he has voted and has indicated that he intends to continue to vote against the bill. Senator Salazar wants to slow the process down so that environmental concerns are sure to be taken into account first.

   President Bush continues to urge Congress to pass the bill. In a radio address to the nation broadcasted on June 21, 2008, President Bush mentioned the potential energy source as a way to increase domestic oil production and to bring gasoline prices down at the pump.

 

President Bush addresses the nation about oil prices and resources

Today: Catholicism and Freemasonry

Pope at present time, Pope Benedict XVI   In the late 1730s, the Pope issued a papal bull, In Emenenti Specula, criticizing the Freemasons and condemning members of the church that enrolled in Masonic associations. Set forth in this bull was the consequence for such activity; excommunication. In 1917, the Code of Canon Law maintained that a member of the church that joined the Freemasons were to be excommunicated from the church.

   In 1983, the revised Code of Canon Law indicated that any members of the church that enrolled in Masonic associations were “in a state of grave sin and may not receive Holy Communion”. This caused question as to whether or not a member who joined the Freemasons were still subject to excommunication.

   Quaestium est clarified the confusion. It made clear that “the Church’s negative judgment in regard to Masonic association remains unchanged since their principles have always been considered irreconcilable with the doctrine of the Church and therefore membership in them remains forbidden.” 

   The Knights of Columbus, a Catholic fraternal society, was founded in 1882 as an alternative to freemasonry by Father Michael J. McGivney, a Catholic Priest in New Haven, Connecticut. He believed that by founding this society, it would serve as a venue for men to show and maintian pride in their American-Catholic heritage.

Symbol of the Free and Accepted Masons (Freemasons)   The Free and Accepted Masons will allow Catholic men to join if they so desire. The Freemasons have never restricted the membership by banning Catholics to join. In France, Masonic organizations have organized and voiced opposition to the role of the Catholic church in politics.

   Some who are familiar with the rocky relationship between the Catholic church and the Freemasons say the dilemma is largely due to political precursors and has little to do with the teachings of the Free and Accepted Masons and the doctrine of the Catholic church.

   Those seeking more information on this subject should visit www.newadvent.org, www.tryfreemasonry.com, www.wikipedia.org, or contact me at jjclark4772@yahoo.com.